On Linux I use all sorts of key combos to tile windows, even though I no longer use a real tiling window manager.
On Mac OS X my windows are still mostly stacked and all over the place in a big mess. Mac doesn’t even have a proper fullscreen button, other than you know… making it a space on its own.
I know there are tools to do the same thing in a more fancy way, but instead I wrote a few AppleScripts to split and maximise windows.
To use them, I placed them in my Scripts folder and enabled the AppleScript menu in the preferences of the AppleScript Editor.